Mumps-Inflammation of Parotid Glands
The incubation period of mumps is usually 16–18 days, but can range from 12–25 days.
It is a contagious disease that occurs most frequently in children and young persons between the ages of five and fifteen years.
The disease spreads from children to children in schools.
Babies are immune from this disease. Most persons have mumps only once in their lives, but one person in ten may have a second attack.
Parotitis is an inflammation of one or both parotid glands, major salivary glands located on either side of the face.
Parotitis occurs only in 31% to 65% of individuals infected with mumps. From 15% to 27% of people with mumps have no signs or symptoms of illness.
Others may have respiratory symptoms or only nonspecific symptoms such as headache, loss of appetite, and low grade fever.
Symptoms of Mumps:
Feeling pain under one ear with stiffness of the neck and jaw.
Slight fever which subsides in three or four days.
Swelling appears first under one jaw and then extends under the other jaw.
Gland becomes tender on pressure.
After putting pressure on swelling, mastication & swallowing becomes difficult.
If mumps occurs after puberty, the testicles & ovaries may be affected in males & females respectively.
Deafness, in one or both ears, can occur in approximately one per 20,000 reported cases of mumps.
The swelling & pain are very considerable with high fever & the person may become depressed or even a little confused.
Mumps can also lead to meningitis (inflammation of the soft membranes of the brain) and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) with delirium. In this case you will have severe headache & irritation of the meninges,
It may spread to the pancreas, when you feel symptoms include pain in the abdomen, loss of appetite & may vomit.
Some people experience no symptoms. When symptoms occur, they include swollen, painful salivary glands, fever, headache, fatigue and appetite loss.
You Can Treat Mumps at Home with the Following Remedies:
Be on bed rest for several days until the temperature returns to normal.
Kept yourself on a diet of orange juice diluted with warm water on a ratio of 50 : 50 for a few days. You may take other fruits juices such as mosambi, apple, pineapple or grapes along with carrot if orange juice does not suits you.
When your swelling subsides & you can swallow food comfortably then you should adopt all-fruit diet for a day or two. Thereafter, gradually embark upon a well- balanced diet of natural foods, with emphasis on fresh fruits and raw vegetables.
During mumps period you must take warm water enema. In addition to this you should apply a hot and cold fomentation for an about 10 minutes after every two hours during the day.
You should clean your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash as per requirement.
Chebulic myrobalan (harad or haritaki) is one of the most effective remedies for mumps. Make a thick paste of this herb by rubbing in water & apply over the swelling to get relief. This herb has anti-inflammatory as well as antibiotic properties that help reduce the swelling that occurs with mumps.
Ficus religiosa or sacred fig (peepal tree) leaves are another effective home remedy to treat mumps. For beneficial result smear leaves with ghee & warm over a fire & bandage over the inflamed part. Leave it on for a couple of hours, or overnight for best results & follow this remedy twice daily for about a week.
Indian Aloe (ghee kunwar or musabhar) is a well known remedy for inflamed & painful part of the body in the indigenous system of medicine.
Ginger (adrak) paste is an another beneficial remedy to treat mumps. Apply paste over swelling parts & let it dry, your swelling & pain will be reduced & subside respectively.
Verbascum, common name mullein, extracts from the mullein leaf have antiviral as well as anti-inflammatory properties, making it an ideal treatment for mumps. Also, the cooling, soothing properties of mullein help reduce inflammation and enhance healing.
Add one tablespoon of dried mullein leaves to the steeping ball & place it in a cup and pour boiling water into the cup for about 10 minutes so that the properties of the mullein are released. Soak a clean cloth in the mullein tea and place it over the swollen area for a few minutes.
Repeat several times a day for a week. You can also drink one to two cups of mullein tea daily to speed up the healing process.
Baking soda also has strong anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce swelling associated with mumps. Also, the alkaline properties of baking soda help restrict the growth of the virus that causes mumps.
Mix a pinch of baking soda and a little water to make a smooth paste & apply over swelling. Leave it on for two minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water. Do this two or three times daily for a week.
Causes of Mumps:
Mumps are caused by a virus which attacks to the salivary glands of the mouth, particularly the parotid glands located on each side of the face just below & in front of the ear.
It spreads from person to person via droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat of an infected person, usually when the person coughs, sneezes, or talks.
Mumps may also be spread indirectly when someone with mumps touches items or surfaces without washing their hands & then someone else touches the same item or surface & rubs their mouth or nose.